The world which reflects mosque commonly known as Delhi’s JAMA MASJID. It is the main and principle mosque of Delhi in India. It is located near fortress (citadel) of emperor Shah Jahan.

Jama Masjid
  • This is the largest and best known mosque in India, authorized by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
  • Construction of this mosque began in 1650 AD and 1656 AD. Completion of this project took completely 6 years.
  • Thus a position has been provided for public worship and even for the emperor’s own ceremonial use.
  • The later called Jama Masjid represents Muslims ‘ prayers gathered at the weekly Friday noon, known as Jummah.
  • The mosque also consists of several moments, including an ancient copy of QURAN written on deer hide, in a closet in the north gate.
Jama Masjid

Construction Of Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid
  • The mosque was the result of more than 6,000 staff ‘ efforts over a six-year period.
  • Construction costs at that time were 10 lake rupees (1 million today).
  • It was constructed consisting 3 great gates, 4 towers, and 2 minarets of 41 m high. Mostly built up with red stones, outlines on 3 sides of the gateways with black and white marble.
  • Construction costs at that time were 10 lake rupees (1 million today).
  • This Jama Masjid’s floor plan is very similar to the Jama Masjid of Agra.
  • Beams are replaced by arches being constructed in several quantities.
  • Like other mosques, this mosque is also divided into two parts: 1) Santuary 2) Courtyard
  • The mosque has vast paved rectangular courtyard, which is nearly 75 m 66 m in measurement.
  • At one time about 25,000 people will pray here.

Architecture Of Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid
  • Three gateways, all made of red sand stones, can access the mosque’s courtyard from the east, the north and the south.
  • The mosque’s northern gate features 39 steps.
  • There are 33 steps to the south of the mosque.
  • The mosque’s eastern gate boasts 35 locks.
  • Public access to the mosque was from north and south while the eastern entrance was reserved for royal families & a king.
  • The eastern side of the mosque was converted in the morning into a bazaar for poultry and birds in general.
  • The mosque faces towards the west.
  • The three have open arched colonnades, each with a lofty tower-like gateway in the centre.
  • The mosque is approximately 261 ft long and 90 ft wide, and its roof is lined with three domes with contrasting black and white marble lines, with most of its tops covered in gold.
  • The courtyard’s entire open space is vacant except for the square tank in the centre.
Jama Masjid
  • To lofty minarets, 41 m high, and 130 steps longitudinally stripped with white marble and red sandstone, on either side flank the domes.
  • Under the mosque roof, they are lined with marble up to the height of the edges.
  • Beyond this is a prayer hall, which is about 61 m x 27.5 m, with 11 arched entrances, of which the middle arch is wide and high, and in the shape of a huge gateway, with slim minarets at each corner.
  • There are tablets of white marble over these arched entrances, four feet (1.2 m) long and 2.5 ft (760 mm) high, incrusted with black marble inscriptions.
  • The mosque stands on a plateau about five feet (1.5 m) from the terrace pavement, and three level flights lead from the east, north, and south to the mosque’s interior.
  • The floor of the mosque is covered with white and black marble decorate to imitate the Muslim prayer mat.
  • The worshippers are labelled with a thin black marble border which is three feet long and 1 feet wide.
  • There are a total of 899 such spaces located in mosque board.

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