Qutub Minar is the world’s tallest brick building. Constructed of red sandstone and marble, Qutub Minar is a five-story tapering tower of 73 meters (239 ft) tall with a base diameter of 14.3 meters (47 ft) and a height of 2.7 meters (9 ft). It features a 379 step spiral staircase. His designs in western Afghanistan were supposed to have been based on the jam minaret.
Around 1192, Qutub Ud- Din-Aibak, founder of the Delhi sultanate, began the building of the first story of the Qutub Minar. In 1220, Aibak’s successor and son-in-law Iltutamish completed a further three storeys. A lightning strike destroyed the upstairs storey in 1369. The damaged storey was replaced by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, and added another.
Accident before 1974, through the internal staircase, the general public was allowed access to the top of the minar. On 4 December 1981, the staircase lighting failed. Between 300 and 400 visitors stamped in the direction of the exit, and 45 were killed in the crush, some injured. most of these were children. Public access to the inside of the tower was eventually suspended.
The Architecture of the Qutub Minar
This monument was ordered to be constructed as a symbol of victory and establishment of Muslim rule. So it was to be an Indo-Islamic architecture and design grand work.
Qutub Minar’s exterior walls reveal its building history, with chiseled character carvings from Parso-Arabic and Nagari. The inscriptions clearly describe the purpose of this monument, its route, the time taken and every minute detail.
You’ll find an atmosphere of Afghanistan pattern from the intricate carvings, combined with local artistic conventions that have garlands and lotus boundaries. Fortunately, the minaret’s renovations have all the while preserved the building’s original beauty.
Each of the five different stories has a proposed balcony (backed by stone brackets) that circles the Minar. The first three stories are made of red sandstone, while the remainder are made of marble and sandstone. When you look closely the Quran has inscriptions of the cylindrical shaft.
Influence of the Mughal Empire
A mosque lies at the foot of Qutub Minar, which is a special place in itself; a magnificent blend of Indo-Islamic architecture that demonstrates how Indian culture was influenced by the Mughal Empire (1562).
Mughal Rulers had a fascination with art and sculptures, so you will find a lot of detailed and decorative elements inside; each with their own story to tell.
One of the most notable elements is the pillar that highlights the achievements of ancient India in metallurgy. The most amazing fact is that the pillar is made of iron and has been strong without rusting for 1,600 years.