Isa Khan Tomb is located in Nizamuddin and was built in memory of Isa Khan who was an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court. This enclosure includes his grave as well as a mosque, both built around 1547-48 AD during his own lifetime. It is situated near the Mughal emperor Humayun Tomb’s Complex in New Delhi.
The tomb built within a surrounded octagonal garden is an important architectural structure. Isa Khan’s garden tomb in the enclosed area of Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site in India’s capital can also be taken as one of India’s earliest examples of a sunken garden – attached to a tomb – a concept that was later developed at Akbar’s Tomb and Taj Mahal, making it an exemplary site that must be visited by history buffs.
The octagonal tomb, pre-dating Humayun’s Tomb by only 20 years, has noticeable ornamentation in the form of canopies, glazed tiles, and lattice screens. The three-bay wide mosque has a large red sandstone central bay along the west side of the enclosure and striking mihrabs. An entire village had been settled inside the enclosure until the early 20th century.
Seven walls of the tomb have complex lattice (jaali) work architecture done on them except the eighth western wall which has a mihrab. The walls and the roof have magnificent fresco paintings. The frescos are a beautiful combination of flowers, geometrical patterns and calligraphy. Isa Khan’s is easy to spot from among the six graves in the tomb. The mosque in the complex also has a triple arched gateway with similar glazed tile work in yellow, blue, and green; and the same pattern of frescoes on the walls.
Isa Khan belonged to a Pashtun tribe, Niazi. His successor are still living in the western border region of Pakistan, mostly in Isakhel, Mianwali. The town of Isakhel was founded about 1830 by Ahmad Khan, ancestor of the present Khans of Isakhel, who ancestor of the present Khans of Isakhel, who were the acknowledged heads of the trans-Indus Niazai; and it takes its name from Isa Khan. The municipality was created in 1875.