The Humayun’s Tomb is an early example of Mughal architecture that was built in Delhi. Built by his wife Haji Begum, in the mid of 16th century.
The tomb is located on the eastern edge of Delhi, south of the Purana Qila. It is set in the middle of a garden in the classical Mughal char bagh pattern. On three sides, a high wall encircles the garden.
Two bisecting water channels with paved walkways, which end at two gates, divide the garden into four sections.
Its plan, based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal.
Hamida Banu Begum, a grieving widow of his, built the mausoleum of Emperor Humayun. The Precursor to the Taj Mahal. It stands on a platform of 12000m square and reaches a height of 47m.
The earliest example of Persian influence in Indian architecture, the tomb has over 100 tombs within it, gaining it the name ‘ Mughals ‘ Dormitory. ‘ The structure was built of rubble masonry and is the first to use red sandstone and white marble in such large quantities. The small canopies on the terrace were originally covered in glazed blue tiles, and the brass finial over the white marble dome is itself 6 m high.
- This west gateway is 16 m high.
- Rooms on each side flank the central passage.
- The upper floor has small courtyard.each side is crowned with a square chatri consisting of jalied balustrade, slender piller, chajja and a white marble cupola resting on a square inlaid drum.
- The framework is decorated by six side stars which the mughals use as an ornamental celestial emblem.
- It is a double story building.
- Local gray quartzite with red sandstone is used sumptuously on every side.
- White marble is used on all prominent outline.
- The grand effect of this imposing gateway is achieved by a curtain of arches connecting to the gateway on either side at an inclined angle.
Arab Saraj Gate
- This 14 meter high gateway led to the walled enclosure which housed the Persian craftsman who had come here to construct the humayun tomb.
- Red sandstone and white marble inlay work give a striking touch to Delhi’s mostly quartzite stone constructed gateway.
- The planned jharokhas still display relics of the glazed tiles.